The Treaty of Segowlee/सुगौली सन्धि
Posted by Thaneshwar on मार्च 4, 2008
2 December 1815
WHEREAS war has arisen between the Honourable East India Company and the Rajah of Nipal, and
WHEREAS the parties are mutually disposed to restore the relations of peace and amity which, previously to the occurrence of the late differences, had long subsisted between the two States, the following terms of peace have been agreed upon:
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between the Honourable East Company and the Rajah of Nipal.
The Rajah of Nipal renounces all claim to the lands which were the subject of discussion between the two States before the war; and acknowledges the right of the Honourable Company to the sovereignty of those lands.
The Rajah of Nipal hereby cedes to the Honourable East India Company in perpetuity all the under-mentioned territories, viz.—
Firstly The whole of the low lands between the Rivers Kali and Rapti.
Secondly The whole of the low lands (with the exception of Bootwul Khass) lying between the Rapti and the Gunduck.
Thirdly The whole of the low lands between the Gunduck and Coosah, in which the authority of the British government has been introduced, or is in actual course of introduction.
Fourthly All the low lands between the Rivers Mitchee and the Teestah.
Fifthly All the territories within the hills eastward of the River Mitchee including the fort and lands of Nagree and the Pass of Nagarcote leading from Morung into the hills, together with the territory lying between that Pass and Nagree. The aforesaid territory shall be evacuated by the Gurkah troops within forty days from this date.
With a view to indemnify the Chiefs and Barahdars of the State of Nipal, whose interests will suffer by the alienation of the lands ceded by the foregoing Article, the British Government agrees to settle pensions to the aggregate amount of two lakhs of rupees per annum on such Chiefs as may be selected by the Rajah of Nipal, and in the proportions which the Rajah may fix. As soon as the selection is made, Sunnuds shall be granted under the seal and signature of the Governor-General for the pensions respectively.
The Rajah of Nipal renounces for himself, his heirs, and successors, all claim to or connexion with the countries lying to the west of the River Kali and engages never to have any concern with those countries or the inhabitants thereof.
The Rajah of Nipal engages never to molest or disturb the Rajah of Sikkim in the possession of his territories; but agrees, if any differences shall arise between the State of Nipal and the Rajah of Sikkim or the subjects of either, that such differences shall be refereed to the arbitration of the British Government by whose award the Rajah of Nipal engages to abide.
The Rajah of Nipal hereby engages never to take or retain in his service any British subject, nor the subject of any European and American State, without the consent of the British Government.
In order to secure and improve the relations of amity and peace hereby established between the two States, it is agreed that accredited Ministers from each shall reside at the Court of the other.
This treaty, consisting of nine Articles, shall be ratified by the Rajah of Nipal within fifteen days from this date, and the ratification shall be delivered to lieut.-Colonel Bradshaw, who engages to obtain and deliver to the Rajah the ratification of the Governor-General within twenty days, or sooner, if practicable.
DONE at Segowlee, on the 2nd day of December 1815.
PARIS BRADSHAW, LT.-COL.,P.A.
Received this treaty from Chunder Seekur Opedeea, Agent on the part of the Rajah of Nipal, in the valley of Muckwaunpoor, at half-past two o’clock p.m. on the 4th of March 1816, and delivered to thim the Conterpart Treaty on behalf of the British Government.